WHEATSTONE, Sir Charles (1802-1875)

Experimental notes, working papers, correspondence and lecture summaries compiled by Charles Wheatstone, 1836-1875, and photographs collected by him in that period. Notably including papers relating to the development and testing of the telegraph, [1836-1960]; descriptions of experiments and test results ... Read more

Reuniting The Collection

The Science Museum hosts a number of Wheatstone articles, many of which are available to view online and in the museum.

View Science Museum Collection

Filter Entries

Catalogues

Working papers, experimental notes and correspondence relating to the development of the electric telegraph, [1836-1960] Archive Reference: K/PP107/1/1-5
  • K/PP107/1/1/1-79 1836-1872 Papers relating to the development of the electric telegraph, notably including the report of a disputed claim concerning the invention...
  • K/PP107/1/2/1-165 1843-1872 Experimental notes compiled by Charles Wheatstone in particular detailing early practical experiments in telegraph relay over long distances, including an...
  • K/PP107/1/3/1-92 1839-1868 Papers relating to the development of the electric telegraph, notably including inventories of electrical instruments, and of books and instruments...
  • K/PP107/1/4/1-60 1835-1869, 1898 Bundle of papers entitled 'experimental apparatus-electricity', comprising working notes and correspondence relating mainly to electric telegraph equipment including a letter...
  • K/PP107/1/5/1-5 1860, 1960 Correspondence between Charles [Carl] Ruland [1834-1907], Librarian, Windsor Castle, on behalf of Albert (1819-1861), Prince Consort, and Charles Wheatstone, describing...
Material relating to experiments designed to measure electromotile forces and electric potential, [1834-1875] Archive Reference: K/PP107/2/1-7
  • K/PP107/2/1/1-59 1834-1843 Observations upon electromotive force drafted by Charles Wheatstone, consisting of proposals for experiments to test the electro-motive force of combinations...
  • K/PP107/2/2/1-118 1871-1872 Notes compiled by Charles Wheatstone on the measurement of electric potential in an experimental apparatus consisting of rotating electrodes, and...
  • K/PP107/2/3/1-172 1871-1873 Working notes and rough drafts of hypotheses, methodological narratives, experimental observations and tables of test results compiled by Charles Wheatstone...
  • K/PP107/2/4/1-314 1871-1875 Working notes compiled by Charles Wheatstone comprising measurement of the electro-motive force between electrodes coated with films of sulphides, bromides...
  • K/PP107/2/5/1-278 1871-1875 Papers entitled 'electro-motive forces', comprising experimental notes and test results compiled by Charles Wheatstone, principally relating to the utility of...
  • K/PP107/2/6/1-126 1871-1873 Experimental observations compiled by Charles Wheatstone describing the reduction of metals, the measurement of the electrical potential of finely divided...
  • K/PP107/2/7/1-95 1871-1875, 1847, 1855, 1858 Series of notes compiled by Charles Wheatstone describing experiments to test the electrical potential exhibited by different metals, chemical decomposition...
Series of notes describing experiments to investigate the nature of electricity, magnetism and thermodynamics, [1834-1855] Archive Reference: K/PP107/3/1-5
  • K/PP107/3/1/1-71 1839-1870 Series of outline experimental notes on aspects of electricity, including electrical induction of ebonite disks; the relationship between heat and...
  • K/PP107/3/2/72-175 1859-1871 Notes relating to the development of the dynamo including designs with plane paper models describing armature rotation; list of applications...
  • K/PP107/3/3/176-313 1834-1875 Papers principally relating to electrical charge, notably including experiments to measure the charge of various materials including ebonite, ivory and...
  • K/PP107/3/4/314-439 1834-1875 Papers relating to magnetism, comprising experimental observations and test results of electromagnets in different configurations; notes on a magnetic flywheel...
Working papers and experimental observations relating to optics including polarisation, photometry, spectra and the characteristics of light, [1840-1875] Archive Reference: K/PP107/4/1-7
  • K/PP107/4/1/1-74 1840-1875 Experimental notes by Charles Wheatstone, principally concerning the practical implications of reflecting and refracting surfaces in motion, comprising proposals to...
  • K/PP107/4/2/1-108 1860-1875 Observations on the consistency of various colours, notably including the isolation of colours by chemical means; colours of gold alloys;...
  • K/PP107/4/3/1-242 1862-1874 Notes on the colouration of various compounds, including correspondence between George Gabriel Stokes (1819-1903), Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, University of...
  • K/PP107/4/4/1-161 1860-1874 Notes compiled by Charles Wheatstone on colour, notably including experimental observations on the colouration of metallic salts and various dyes...
  • K/PP107/4/5/1-185 1846-1875 Experimental and theoretical observations, chiefly concerning the polarisation of light, including experiments made with an electromagnet; striation in luminous tubes;...
  • K/PP107/4/6/1-257 1849-1875 Working notes compiled by Charles Wheatstone, principally concerning refraction of light, especially experiments utilising Iceland spar (calcite), mica, quartz and...
  • K/PP107/4/7/1-56 1850-1875 Notes on optics, notably including description of lunar halo, 1850; outline of the function of the eidotrope, a kind of...
Notes on lectures on sound delivered or prepared by Charles Wheatstone, [1832-1837] Archive Reference: K/PP107/5
  • K/PP107/5/1-106 1832-1837 Rough drafts and printed syllabuses of lectures delivered or prepared by Charles Wheatstone, notably on the subject of sound, 1832-1837,...
Material relating to the bequest to King's College London by Charles Wheatstone of his papers, books and scientific instruments, 1890-1992 Archive Reference: K/PP107/6/1-5
  • K/PP107/6/1 1890-1891 Copy of manuscript shelfcatalogue of the Wheatstone Library, primarily consisting of books and pamphlets accumulated by Charles Wheatstone now housed...
  • K/PP107/6/2 1900-1956 Papers relating to the Wheatstone collection of scientific instruments, notably including printed catalogue of the contents of the George III...
  • K/PP107/6/3-4 1926-1992 Series of Christie's and Sotheby's sale catalogues, inventories and correspondence relating to the disposal of electrical and other apparatus from...
  • K/PP107/6/5 1989 Legal papers relating to the deposit of the collection, 1989. Closed for 30 years. 
Various papers including biographical material relating to the life and career of Charles Wheatstone, and patents, 1757-1975 Archive Reference: K/PP107/7/1-11
  • K/PP107/7/1 1829-1875 Certificates, diplomas and correspondence relating to modern exhibitions on the life of Charles Wheatstone, notably including letter of appointment to...
  • K/PP107/7/2-3 1829-1875 Copies of patent specifications submitted by Charles Wheatstone and others, mainly relating to the electric telegraph. 
  • K/PP107/7/4 1865 Papers relating to the Exchequer case Universal Private Telegraph Company v Silver and others, principally correspondence with William Allen Miller...
  • K/PP107/7/5 1881, 1908 Framed certificates commemorating the participation of the Wheatstone Laboratory and King's College London in the Exposition Internationale D'Electricite, Paris, 1881,...
  • K/PP107/7/6 1900, 1910 Framed certificates commemorating the participation of the Wheatstone Laboratory and King's College London in the Paris Exposition, 1900, and Japan-British...
  • K/PP107/7/7 1959-1960 Manuscript copy of historical narrative entitled 'The invention of the electric telegraph', by D A Bayliss, Balliol College, Oxford, Jane...
  • K/PP107/7/8 1905-1958 Papers related to C Wheatstone & Co, Ltd, London, manufacturers of concertinas and music publishers, including brochure advertisements for concertinas...
  • K/PP107/7/9 1757-1925 Material relating to Charles Wheatstone including reprint of an engraving of Wheatstone published in Nature, 27 April 1876, with negatives;...
  • K/PP107/7/10 1975 Printed articles relating to the life and career of Charles Wheatstone published during the centenary of Wheatsone's death, notably including...
  • K/PP107/7/11 1837-1870 Papers found inserted in books in the Wheatstone Library. Includes letter to Wheatstone from John Tindall, undated [1870]; letter to...
Stereoscopic photographs by Roger Fenton and others, [1850-1880] Archive Reference: K/PP107/8/1-92
  • K/PP107/8/1a, 8/2a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a quarry escarpment displaying heavy weathering with approach road in...
  • K/PP107/8/1b, 8/2b 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the Transept of the Palais d'Industrie, Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855,...
  • K/PP107/8/3a, 8/4a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a shingle beach with large rocky debris at the base...
  • K/PP107/8/3b, 8/4b 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the interior of the Transept of the Palais d'Industrie, Exposition...
  • K/PP107/8/5a, 8/6a 1850-1880 Left and right aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a cliff face displaying broad terracing towards the sea or...
  • K/PP107/8/5b, 8/6b 1855 Left and right aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the exterior of the Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855, showing wrought...
  • K/PP107/8/7a, 8/8a 1852-1862 Left and right aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a sheer rock face displaying signs of slippage, with considerable...
  • K/PP107/8/7b, 8/8b 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing the interior of the Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855, depicting fireplace...
  • K/PP107/8/9a, 8/10a 1850-1880 Left and right aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a ruined stone building set in grassy landscape with figure...
  • K/PP107/8/9b, 8/10b 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the interior of the Palais d'Industrie, Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855,...
  • K/PP107/8/11a, 8/12a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the exterior of Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, with embankment building...
  • K/PP107/8/11b, 8/12b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a row of Georgian terraced housing consisting of buildings of...
  • K/PP107/8/13a, 8/14a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a group of men standing informally outside a complex of...
  • K/PP107/8/13b, 8/14b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a dead stag, laid out on foliage showing underbelly. Probably...
  • K/PP107/8/15a, 8/16a 1852-1862 Left and right aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a sloping woodland glade in high summer or early autumn...
  • K/PP107/8/15b, 8/16b 1852-1862 Left and right aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the body of a dead stag laid out on foliage...
  • K/PP107/8/17a, 8/18a 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a small area of coppiced woodland, possibly Burnham Beeches, Buckinghamshire,...
  • K/PP107/8/17b, 8/18b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a stretch of the River Seine in Paris down to...
  • K/PP107/8/19a, 8/20a 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a small area of parkland, possibly Burnham Beeches, Buckinghamshire, showing...
  • K/PP107/8/19b, 8/20b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a streetscape showing dirt road bisecting two rows of buildings,...
  • K/PP107/8/21-22 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph depicting a female figure kneeling in prayer on top of a...
  • K/PP107/8/23a, 8/24a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph depicting statue of a partially draped female figure playing a lyre...
  • K/PP107/8/23b, 24/b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a sculpted medallion. Depicting scenes of the arts and crafts...
  • K/PP107/8/25-26 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing the figure of a naked female on one knee with...
  • K/PP107/8/27a, 8/28a 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing interior of the Transept, Palais d'Industrie, Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855,...
  • K/PP107/8/27b, 8/28b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph depicting the frontage of an imposing public building in neo-classical style...
  • K/PP107/8/29a, 8/30a 1852 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph captioned 'Moscow, the Kremlin in the distance'. Panoramic view of the...
  • K/PP107/8/29b, 8/30b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing sloping woodland glade, probably Totteridge Park or Burnham Beeches, Buckinghamshire....
  • K/PP107/8/31a, 8/32/a 1852 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing the Moscow River with small rowing boats in foreground and...
  • K/PP107/8/31b, 8/32b 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing the interior of the Transept, Palais d'Industrie, Exposition Universelle, Paris,...
  • K/PP107/8/33a, 8/34a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing dead or anaesthetised monkey, possibly a vervet, laid out on...
  • K/PP107/8/33b, 8/34b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing view of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, including transept, part of nave...
  • K/PP107/8/35a, 8/36a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing mounted artillery pieces in foreground, possibly British 12 pound, 4.52...
  • K/PP107/8/35b, 8/36b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph illustrating a complex of farmhouse, barn and outbuildings with landscape of...
  • K/PP107/8/37a, 8/38a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing microscopic enlargement of frond of moss or seaweed. Purple tint.
  • K/PP107/8/37b, 8/38b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a dead stag laid out on foliage showing underbelly. Probably...
  • K/PP107/8/39a, 8/40a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing microscopic enlargement of fronds of moss or seaweed. Purple tint.
  • K/PP107/8/39b, 8/40b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the body of a dead stag laid out on foliage...
  • K/PP107/8/41a, 8/42a 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the exterior of the Palais d'Industrie, Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855,...
  • K/PP107/8/41b, 8/42b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the body of a dead stag laid out on foliage...
  • K/PP107/8/43, 8/44 1855 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the interior of the Palais d'Industrie, Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1855....
  • K/PP107/8/45, 8/46 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of hand coloured, mounted stereoscopic photograph showing view of river or lake surrounded by trees. On...
  • K/PP107/8/47, 8/48 1862-1886 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a framed photograph of Gilberto Govi, Professor of Physics, University...
  • K/PP107/8/49, 8/50 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a quarry showing machinery and workings including funicular railway and...
  • K/PP107/8/51a, 8/52a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the exterior of Peterborough Cathedral with a road and small...
  • K/PP107/8/51b, 8/52b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the entrance to Hammersmith Bridge, London. Sepia tint. 8/52b is...
  • K/PP107/8/53a, 8/54a 1852 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph captioned in a modern hand, 'External Walls of Kremlin, 1852'. Possibly...
  • K/PP107/8/53b, 8/54b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a microscopic enlargement of a frond of seaweed or moss....
  • K/PP107/8/55a, 8/56a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a neoclassical church or other public building, possibly in Nimes,...
  • K/PP107/8/55b, 8/56b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a dilapidated hut overlooking an estuary or delta. Purple tint....
  • K/PP107/8/57a, 8/58a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of ivy clad gatehouse marking the entrance to Raglan Castle, Monmouthshire....
  • K/PP107/8/57b, 8/58b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a track leading from a sunlit clearing of bracken into...
  • K/PP107/8/59, 8/60 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the ruined transept or choir of Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, showing...
  • K/PP107/8/61, 8/62 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing a slipway and stretch of river with small sailing barges...
  • K/PP107/8/63, 8/64 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a narrow stretch of river with heavily wooded banks in...
  • K/PP107/8/65a, 8/66a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the marble statue “The Greek Slave” by Hiram Powers (1805-1873), American...
  • K/PP107/8/65b, 8/66b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a dead stag laid out on foliage showing underbelly. Identical...
  • K/PP107/8/67a, 8/68a 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a dead stag showing underbelly. Blurring present in top, right...
  • K/PP107/8/67b, 8/68b 1852-1862 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a dead stag, the same animal as 8/67a, 8/68a, lying...
  • K/PP107/8/69-70a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the statue of a male nude in heroic pose atop...
  • K/PP107/8/70b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the statue of a male nude in heroic pose atop pedestal,...
  • K/PP107/8/71a, 8/72a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the marble statue “The Greek Slave” by Hiram Powers (1805-1873),...
  • K/PP107/8/71b, 8/72b 1851 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph, probably of the interior of the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park/Sydenham, [1851],...
  • K/PP107/8/73-74 1851 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph, probably of the interior of the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park/Sydenham, [1851],...
  • K/PP107/8/75-76 1851 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph, probably of the interior of the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park/Sydenham, London,...
  • K/PP107/8/77-78 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph captioned, 'South Transept of the Cathedral, Peterborough', showing road through town...
  • K/PP107/8/79-80 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing substantial country or small town dwellings, house in background with...
  • K/PP107/8/81-82 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph showing the parish church in Ketton, Rutland. Pale sepia tint.
  • K/PP107/8/83a, 8/84a 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of the parish church, Ketton, Rutland, with view of graveyard. Pale...
  • K/PP107/8/83b, 8/84b 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of microscopic enlargement of fronds of moss or seaweed. Purple tint....
  • K/PP107/8/85-86 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph, showing view from window across road to terrace of 4-5 storey...
  • K/PP107/8/87-88 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscope photograph, showing view from window across road to terrace of 4-5 storey...
  • K/PP107/8/89-90 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a large ruinous building, probably a castle, surrounded by trees...
  • K/PP107/8/91-92 1850-1880 Right and left aspects of a mounted stereoscopic photograph of a river surrounded by trees. On single-sided mounts. Copper tint...
Stereoscopic viewfinder cards, comprising small stereo photographs mounted on card, [1850-1901] Archive Reference: K/PP107/9/1-51
  • K/PP107/9/1-4 1850-1900 Pairs of stereo photographs on orange viewfinder mounts showing scenes from Geneva, Switzerland, Paris, France, and Cairo, Egypt.
  • K/PP107/9/5-9 1850-1900 Pairs of stereo photographs on grey, pink and liliac coloured viewfinder mounts, showing views of Rushcutter's Bay and Kurraba Point,...
  • K/PP107/9/10-13 1850-1900 Pairs of stereo photographs on white viewfinder mounts, showing views of townships and plantation, St Croix and St Thomas, Caribbean,...
  • K/PP107/9/14-22 1850-1900 Pairs of stereo photographs on yellow and brown viewfinder mounts, depicting scenes of English countryside, probably Kent, including lake with...
  • K/PP07/9/23-29 1850-1900 Translucent binocular viewing cards of European panoramas including Geneva, Zurich, Istanbul, Paris and Strasbourg.
  • K/PP107/9/30-35 1850-1900 Pairs of stereo photographs mounted on black and white viewfinder cards depicting a variety of scenes including chateau, entrance to...
  • K/PP107/9/36-38 1850-1870 Pairs of stereo photographs mounted on white viewfinder cards showing small steam engine and infantryman with fixed bayonet and pack.
  • K/PP107/9/39-40 1850-1900 Pairs of stereoscopic views of star-shaped geometric patterns comprising white lines on black background, probably perspective test cards for stereoscope.
  • K/PP107/9/41 1850-1900 Pair of stereo photographs mounted on viewfinder card of the interior of a private family chapel showing tomb effigies and...
  • K/PP107/9/42 1850-1900 Pair of stereo photographs mounted on viewfinder card of Pitville House, Cheltenham, with man and woman facing camera on East...
  • K/PP107/9/43 1862 Pair of stereo photographs mounted on yellow viewfinder card showing marble statue of transcendent female captioned 'The [London] International Exhibition...
  • K/PP107/9/44 1862 Pair of stereo photographs on yellow viewfinder cards captioned '38: Group of Africans', showing members of the Danakil tribe posing...
  • K/PP107/9/45 1873-1900 Pair of stereo photographs mounted on viewfinder card showing gorge with stream, captioned 'Sächsische Schweiz photographie a Verlag von Hermann...
  • K/PP107/9/46-51 1895-1901 Pairs of stereo photographs mounted on yellow viewfinder cards with series of views published by Underwood and Underwood, including Holyrood...
Glass photographic negatives, [1850-1880] Archive Reference: K/PP107/10/1-28
  • K/PP107/10/1 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative depicting frontage of large four storey public building surrounded by railings with road in foreground.
  • K/PP107/10/2 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative showing small town on hill with church spires and public fountain in foreground, possibly French.
  • K/PP107/10/3 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative depicting Naples Bay, Italy, captioned 'Grillet: Photographe du Roi'. Damaged.
  • K/PP107/10/4 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative with view of city from river embankment, with equine bronze statue in middle ground, terraced housing in...
  • K/PP107/10/5 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative depicting Houses of Parliament, Westminster, viewed from riverside terrace.
  • K/PP107/10/6 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative showing collection of small cottages bisected by footpath with seated man and trees in background.
  • K/PP107/10/7 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative showing exterior of Greenwich Observatory, London.
  • K/PP107/10/8 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative depicting triumphal arch in Roman style surrounded by buildings.
  • K/PP107/10/9 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative showing statue of angels, cherub and cross, produced by Carpenter and Westley, opticians, 24 Regent Street, London....
  • K/PP107/10/10 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative portrait of spaniel seated on chair, produced by Watkins and Hill, opticians, Charing Cross, London. Badly degraded.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/11 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '541 bis, Perspective de la galerie des Carles (Vatican)'. Right view cracked.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/12 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '550 Chambre des Bustes, Vatican'.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/13 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative marked '143', showing exterior of Institut de France with portico and railings.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/14 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '384 Panorama du Forum', depicting Forum, Rome, looking towards Colliseum.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/15 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative marked '169', depicting entrance to church or cathedral with gothic arch and elaborate stone carving surround.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/16 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative marked '138', showing front steps and frontage to Chateau.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/17 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '578 bis Fontaine de la Villa Aldobrandini', Italy.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/18 1850-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative depicting view of mountain stream running through gorge.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/19 1862-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '8 The Fish Pond in Sibton Abbeywood, Suffolk'. Entered at Stationers' Hall, London. Badly damaged.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/20 1862-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '44 The Strand from Charing Cross', showing Northumberland House. Entered at Stationers' Hall, London.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/21 1862-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '34 What are the wild waves saying?', showing coastline. Entered at Stationers' Hall, London.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/22 1862-1880 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '20 The Kissing Gate: Behind his time', showing a country lane with a woman leaning against...
  • WHEATSTONE 10/23 1871 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '858 Interieur des Tuileries, Paris, 1871'. By Jules Duboscq.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/24 1871 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '876 Interieur des Tuileries', Paris, showing ruins of vestibule. By Jules Duboscq.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/25 1871 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned '855 Le Conseil d'Etat', Paris, showing ruined buildings. By Jules Duboscq.
  • WHEATSTONE 10/26 1871 Stereoscopic glass negative captioned 'Façade des Tuileries, Paris, en 1871'. By Jules Duboscq.
Scientific apparatus, musical instruments and telegraph equipment, [1834-1875] Archive Reference: K/PP107/11/1-6
  • None K/PP107/11/1: Equipment relating to the development of the telegraphK/PP107/11/2: Equipment  relating to experiments to measure electromotive forces and electric potentialK/PP107/11/3:...
  • K/PP107/11/1/1 1837-1840 Electromagnetic telegraph receiver bell mechanism, brass on a wooden base, case missing [see diagram K/PP107/1/4/44].
  • K/PP107/11/1/2 1837-1860 Electromagnetic telegraph bell receiver in a mahogany box with green fretwork front and brass winding key at rear [see K/PP107/1/4/44].
  • K/PP107/11/1/3 1837-1841 Mahogany case for telegraph mechanism with gilt surround for winding handle and a brass plate inscribed 'C Wheatstone, Inventor'.
  • K/PP107/11/1/4 1840-1850 ABC automatic telegraph receiver designed by Wheatstone.  The mechanism consists of a spring driven clockwork controlled by an electromagnetic escapement...
  • K/PP107/11/1/5 1840-1850 ABC transmitting telegraphs designed by Wheatstone using a step by step mechanism.   The dial is rotated to the required...
  • K/PP107/11/1/6 1850-1870 Telegraph bell sender developed by Wheatstone and John Matthius Augustus Stroh (1828-1914), telegraph engineer and inventor, in a mahogany case...
  • K/PP107/11/1/7 1850-1875 Prototype telegraph transmitter with 30 keys each representing a letter or number and operating a make and break contact sending...
  • K/PP107/11/1/8 1858-1867 Automatic telegraph transmitter developed by Wheatstone and based on the Jacquard Loom punched card system using continuous tape, a ‘Jacquard...
  • K/PP107/11/1/9 1858-1867 Automatic telegraph printing receiver devised by Wheatstone.  Impulses of current from the sender cause the electromagnet to operate two brass...
  • K/PP107/11/1/10 1859-1861 Wheatstone's Universal telegraph receiver developed from the Wheatstone's ABC telegraph originally patented in 1840 with a new patent in 1858,...
  • K/PP107/11/1/11 1863-1867 Wheatstone’s Universal telegraph developed from his ABC telegraph, originally patented in 1840 with a new patent in 1858. Using a...
  • K/PP107/11/1/12 1840 Electric clock designed by Wheatstone as one of a number of 'slaves' controlled by a master clock.  The dial movement...
  • K/PP107/11/1/13 1837-1845 Simple telegraph switch or key possibly for William Fothergill Cooke (1806-1879), inventor, and Wheatstone's double needle telegraph. Consists of a...
  • K/PP107/11/1/14 1840-1850 Telegraph relay used for long distance lines by re-transmitting a signal to the receiver or other apparatus.  Consists of an...
  • K/PP107/11/1/15 1850-1870 Telegraph relay used for long distance lines by re-transmitting a signal to the receiver or other apparatus.  Consists of a...
  • K/PP107/11/1/16 1840-1850 Sample of a prototype cable made of ninety thin copper wires encased in laminated wood.
  • K/PP107/11/1/17 1850-1870 Sample of a telegraph cable for an underground railway made of 10 thick wire cables cast into a concrete block....
  • K/PP107/11/1/18 1880-1895, 1879 Three samples of trans-Atlantic submarine telegraph cable manufactured by Siemens Brothers & Co.  Possibly the souvenirs given to John Cutler,...
  • K/PP107/11/1/19 1850-1875 Resistance box with for measuring resistance in 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 mile lengths of telegraph wire.  Consists...
  • K/PP107/11/1/20 1850-1875 Resistance box for measuring resistance in length of telegraph wire at intervals of 50 miles.  Consists of a wooden box...
  • K/PP107/11/1/21 1860-1870 Thomson [William Thomson (1824-1907), mathematician and physicist] style reflecting astatic galvanometer in brass case inscribed ‘Elliott Brothers, no. 546’.
  • K/PP107/11/1/22 1852-1870 Three cryptographs devised by Wheatstone including one wooden prototype with letters and numerals on circular cards attached to a square...
  • K/PP107/11/1/23 1840-1860 Circular metal cage with typewriter-like but unmarked hammers mounted on a metal base.  Resembles a sketch found in Wheatstone papers...
  • K/PP107/11/2/1 1840-1845 Prototype or demonstration model of the 'Wheatstone Bridge' or 'Differential Resistance Measurer' originally devised by Samuel Hunter Christie and further...
  • K/PP107/11/2/2 1843 Single cylinder rheostat devised by Wheatstone to maintain a constant current by adjusting or varying the resistance of a circuit...
  • K/PP107/11/2/3 1843 Double cylinder rheostat devised by Wheatstone to maintain a constant current by adjusting or varying the resistance of a circuit....
  • K/PP107/11/2/4 1873-1875 Nickel silver micrometer made by Elliott Brothers, London, possibly used by Wheatstone.
  • K/PP107/11/2/5-6 1845 Astatic galvanometer similar in design to Wheatstone's iron-cored galvanometer patented in 1845 with a compass needle suspended by silk thread...
  • K/PP107/11/3/1 1860-1867 Experimental ‘magneto-motor’, ‘inductorium’ or ‘rheomotor’, a hand-cranked generator with two coils rotating around a permanent magnet.  Consists of a mechanism...
  • K/PP107/11/3/2 1827-1845 Dew point hygrometer developed by John Frederic Daniell (1790-1845), chemist and Professor at King's College London, to measure humidity.  Ether...
  • K/PP107/11/3/3 1830-1845 Pyrometer designed by John Frederic Daniell (1790-1845), chemist and Professor at King’s College London, used to determine high temperatures by...
  • K/PP107/11/3/4 1834-1837 Simple galvanometer designed by William Sturgeon to demonstrate Oersted’s law which shows that a constant electric current produces a magnetic...
  • K/PP107/11/3/5 1834-1837 Magnetic compass needles with conductors used as a demonstration model to show the principles of magnetism and electricity (galvanometer). The...
  • K/PP107/11/3/6 1834-1837 Iron vane galvanometer probably designed for demonstrational use.  Consists of a compass needle pivoted in the middle of a coil...
  • K/PP107/11/3/7 1834-1837 Dip circle used to measure the angle between the horizon and the Earth's magnetic field. Consists of a quarter circular...
  • K/PP107/11/3/8 1834-1837 Apparatus designed by Peter Barlow (1776-1862), physicist, to demonstrate the principles of the electric motor.  Known as Barlow’s wheel, a...
  • K/PP107/11/3/9 1834-1837 A model designed to demonstrate the principles of the electro-magnet as developed by Michael Faraday (1791-1867), natural philosopher. Consists of...
  • K/PP107/11/3/10 1834-1837 Model developed by Peter Mark Roget (1779-1869), physician and philologist, to demonstrate the attractive force of parallel electrically charged wires....
  • K/PP107/11/3/11 1834-1845 Model designed to demonstrate the effects of magnetic fields using two parallel needles of the same magnetic strength mounted on...
  • K/PP107/11/3/12 1834-1837 Cylindrical electrostatic generator originally developed by Edward Nairne (1726-1806), optician and scientific instrument maker.  Consists of a glass cylinder on...
  • K/PP107/11/3/13 1834-1837 Apparatus to demonstrate the rotary action of a magnet, an electromagnetic motor or galvanometer.   Consists of a U-shaped magnet...
  • K/PP107/11/4/1 1838-1851 Stereoscope designed by Wheatstone in 1838 using two angled mirrors to reflect two slightly different pictures to each eye through...
  • K/PP107/11/4/2 1836-1865 Wheatstone’s rotating mirror apparatus or photometer used to measure the velocity of light.  Consists of a clockwork mechanism surmounted by...
  • K/PP107/11/4/3 1852-1875 Solar instrument through which the sun’s image is projected on to a fixed point includes a quadrant to measure the...
  • K/PP107/11/4/4 1850-1875 Nickel plated microscope with fine focus, possibly used by Wheatstone.  Housed in a wooden box with brass handle with three...
  • K/PP107/11/4/5 1848-1875 Semi-circular dial thought to be related to Wheatstone’s work developing the polar clock. Consists of a black glass plate with...
  • K/PP107/11/4/6 1850-1875 Polariscope devised by Wheatstone for examining polarised light.  Three brass cylinders with lenses mounted on a mahogany base, engraved S...
  • K/PP107/11/5/1 1838-1843 Concertina with rosewood fretwork, green leather bellows and thirty two ivory keys, labelled 'By His Majesty's Letters Patent, C Wheatstone,...
  • K/PP107/11/5/2 1840-1875 Adjustable rotating kaleidophone or harmonograph designed by Charles Wheatstone to demonstrate Lissajous' figures formed by combining two motions at right...
  • K/PP107/11/5/3 1832-1875 Nail fiddle or violin designed by Wheatstone. Consists of a hollow wooden soundboard with two handles and two rows of...
  • K/PP107/11/5/4 1832-1875 Wind fiddle invented by Wheatstone, a violin with bellows.  Consists of a wooden violin body with slots either side where...
  • K/PP107/11/5/5 1828-1832 Variable pitch generating device made by Wheatstone & Co, instrument makers.  Consists of mahogany body with mother of pearl feet. 
  • K/PP107/11/5/6 1835-1851 Automatic harmonium chord transposition assembly devised by Wheatstone.  Wooden casing with metal levers and ivory buttons. 
  • K/PP107/11/5/7 1835-1851 Main body of a table top harmonium devised by Wheatstone.  Wooden casing with metal levers and ivory buttons.
  • K/PP107/11/6/1-20 1832-1874 Exhibition prize medals, service awards and memorial medals awarded to Sir Charles Wheatstone including a medal from the Great Exhibition...